Dermoid Ovarian Cysts - What You Need To Know

Published: 03rd December 2008
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Of all the types of ovarian cysts, dermoid cysts are the most startling and strange. They're considered a benign kind of teratoma. Teratoma is a Greek word and translates as "monster tumor".

It is because of its freakishness that a lot of myths about this condition have evolved. Health decisions should not be made on misconceptions rather than the facts. This article will answer 3 typical questions that people ask about dermoid cysts:

1.) What are dermoid cysts?

Dermoid cysts may contain human tissue of any kind. This includes nerve tissue, teeth, hair, bone, nails, cartilage, thyroid tissue, eyes, skin, fat, blood, and sweat glands.

They can do this because they come from undifferentiated germ cells. Undifferentiated germ cells can become any of the various types of tissue occurring within the body.

2.) Who can be affected by dermoid cysts?

Dermoid cysts that appear on the scalp, face, or neck are very common and can affect any person, male or female. This type of cyst may be found at birth. But ovarian dermoid cysts typically occur in women during their child bearing years from twenty to forty years of age. They usually occur on one ovary but can happen on both ovaries about 15% of the time.

3.) What are the health risks?

Despite their dreadful appearance, dermoid cysts are rarely ever cancerous. If features such as hair, teeth, etc. are distinctly identifiable inside the cyst, malignancy is extremely remote. These rare instances of cancer will typically occur in menopausal women.

The health risks associated with benign dermoids are determined by their size. Cysts that are small don't normally have any symptoms and are usually found during a routine pelvic exam. Tests such as a CT scan, MRI, ultrasound, or X-ray may be used to identify a dermoid cyst.

If a cyst continues to grow, it may get inflamed. Irritation of the abdominal cavity may also result, a condition referred to as peritonitis.

A more common problem is that they may twist on themselves and possibly block off blood to the ovary. A rupture in the cyst may occur with the spillage of its internal contents into the abdominal cavity. Enlarged cysts may also exert pressure on and interfere with the surrounding organs.

Since a dermoid cyst will not go away on its own, surgical removal may be required if any of the above health risks present themselves. Dermoid cysts of any size should be closely watched by your doctor.

Need the facts about ovarian cysts and PCOS? Learn about hemorrhagic ovarian cysts and an ovarian cyst holistic cure.

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